University of Notre Dame
Kroc Institutde for International Peace Studies

Sanctions

Imperfect Actions in an Imperfect World

Imperfect Actions in an Imperfect World

George A. Lopez I disagree with my colleagues David Cortright and Mary Ellen O’Connell regarding the scope and direction of the Libyan intervention of the Security Council and NATO. The essential dilemma faced by the international community, as manifest in Security...

More than Military Strikes Harm Civilians

More than Military Strikes Harm Civilians

George A. Lopez Much attention is paid to noncombatant casualties caused by military strikes and terrorist bombings, but few observers have focused on the impact of non-military actions, such as economic sanctions, on civilians. The shift more than a decade ago from...

Stalemate: A Short History of Sanctions against Iran

Stalemate: A Short History of Sanctions against Iran

Linda Gerber-Stellingwerf Since the 1979 Islamic revolution and the subsequent hostage crisis, the United States has imposed sanctions against Iran on a continuous basis. The initial measures were moderately influential in resolving the hostage crisis, when combined...

Sanctioned into Submission? Options for Change in Iran

Sanctioned into Submission? Options for Change in Iran

George A. Lopez This post includes video content. (4:35) The nuclear standoff between Iran and the western powers has intensified to the point where the only question being asked in Washington is how “crippling” — to use Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s preferred...

Reform & Resistance in Iran

Reform & Resistance in Iran

An interview with Peter Wallensteen Peter Wallensteen, a professor at Uppsala University in Sweden and the Kroc Institute at Notre Dame, is an expert on economic sanctions and regime change. We asked him about the reform movement in Iran and how it would be affected...