University of Notre Dame
Kroc Institutde for International Peace Studies

Africa

South Sudan: Hopes for Peace in the Balance

South Sudan: Hopes for Peace in the Balance

Matthew Hauenstein and Madhav Joshi On November 8, 2019, the parties to South Sudan’s 2018 peace agreement approved a second extension of its initial implementation period. This new extension is intended to conclude with the inauguration of a unity government between...

Preventing Violence in the 2015 Nigerian Election

Preventing Violence in the 2015 Nigerian Election

Laurie Nathan In 2015, Nigeria held elections that were widely expected to lead to large-scale violence. The risk derived in part from the country’s severe regional tensions, which included the religious and political cleavage between the North and the South, as well...

The Myth of a Perfect Weapon and a Perfect War

The Myth of a Perfect Weapon and a Perfect War

Cora Currier is on staff at The Intercept and a journalist with a focus on national security, foreign affairs, and human rights. Her work has been published in Stars and Stripes, The Nation, Al Jazeera America and many other outlets. Last fall, my colleagues at The...

Identifying and Stopping Genocide

Identifying and Stopping Genocide

Ernesto Verdeja Genocide has long been seen as the “crime of crimes” in media and policy circles. Since international law requires its prevention, it is likely that genocide will continue to demand sustained attention. We know a great deal about the general social and...

The Libyan Intervention: A Victory for War?

The Libyan Intervention: A Victory for War?

Mary Ellen O’Connell In early September 2011, President Sarkozy of France declared the NATO-led military intervention in Libya a success. I disagree with his assessment for four reasons: The known result of six months of fighting is thousands killed and even more...

Imperfect Actions in an Imperfect World

Imperfect Actions in an Imperfect World

George A. Lopez I disagree with my colleagues David Cortright and Mary Ellen O’Connell regarding the scope and direction of the Libyan intervention of the Security Council and NATO. The essential dilemma faced by the international community, as manifest in Security...

The Arab Spring & Western Policy Choices

The Arab Spring & Western Policy Choices

Emad El-Din Shahin Of the several uprisings and pro-democracy revolutions sweeping through the Arab region, only two — Tunisia and Egypt — have been successful so far in toppling despotic rulers and embarking on a transitional process to establish a free democratic...

Glimpses of the Revolution in Egypt

Glimpses of the Revolution in Egypt

David Cortright The enormity of what the Egyptian people have accomplished is breathtaking. The Mubarak dictatorship was brought down in just 18 days through unarmed mass revolution. Estimates of the number of people actively involved range from a low of 7 million to...

Women & Revolution: Notes from Tahrir Square

Women & Revolution: Notes from Tahrir Square

Noha Tarek Noha Tarek Abbas is a 25-year old student at Cairo University. She was actively involved in Tahrir Square during the 18 days of the revolution. These comments are transcribed from an interview in Cairo on June 8, 2011. When we planned the actions that...

The U.S. Role in Building Peace in Sudan

The U.S. Role in Building Peace in Sudan

Peter Quaranto The United States has been actively engaged in seeking to prevent a return of North-South war in Sudan. The U.S. worked with international partners to assure that the Southern Sudan referendum in January was on time and peaceful and that the results...

Notre Dame Stands with Sudan

Notre Dame Stands with Sudan

Kevin Dugan and Patrick McCormick Last fall a delegation representing the Sudan Conference of Catholic Bishops visited the University of Notre Dame to reach out to the Catholic community in the United States. They came to seek help in assuring a peaceful outcome for...

Obama in Cairo: Policy Implications

  R. Scott Appleby This post includes video content. (6:01) In a major foreign policy speech in Cairo last June, President Barack Obama addressed not another state or group of nations but a religion:  Islam, which many Americans continue to view (erroneously) as...